[151][152], "Burj Dubai" redirects here. Khan's contributions to the design of tall buildings have had a profound impact on architecture and engineering. In just 1,325 days since excavation work started in January, 2004, Burj Khalifa became the tallest free-standing structure in the world. 4 January 2010: Burj Khalifa's official launch ceremony is held and Burj Khalifa is opened. Due to its tubular system, proportionally only half the amount of steel was used in the construction, compared to the Empire State Building. The Burj Khalifa (Arabic: برج خليفة‎, Arabic pronunciation: [bʊrd͡ʒ xaˈliːfa]; pronounced English: /ˈbɜːrdʒ kəˈliːfə/, literally "Khalifa Tower" in English), known as the Burj Dubai prior to its inauguration in 2010, is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The glass covers more than 174,000 m² (1,870,000 sq ft) in area. All data contained herein is subject to change and is provided without warranties. The corporate suites and offices were also supposed to open from March onwards, yet the hotel and observation deck remained the only parts of the building which were open in April 2010. According to Strabala, Burj Khalifa was designed based on the 73-floor Tower Palace Three, an all-residential building in Seoul. These setbacks are arranged and aligned in a way that minimizes vibration wind loading from eddy currents and vortices. [75][76][77][78][79] When the tide is low and visibility is high, people can see the shores of Iran from the top of the skyscraper. [132][133] This is generally because the current generation of UAE locals prefer governmental jobs and do not have an attitude favouring private sector employment. 2 and Fig. Interior Architecture Award: Special Recognition from AIA – Chicago Chapter. Do you really want to delete this item from your favorites? Special Recognition for Technological Advancement from International Highrise Awards. The contractor and the engineer of record was Hyder Consulting. The concept of profitability derived from building high density developments and malls around the landmark have proven successful. [111] Press reports indicated in 2006 that skilled carpenters at the site earned £4.34 a day, and labourers earned £2.84. [82] At the centre of the park is the water room, which is a series of pools and water jet fountains. International Database and Gallery of Structures, Beton im Hochhausbau: Burj Dubai, Trump Tower und Infinity Tower, Detail - Zeitschrift für Architektur + Baudetail, Brief on the Construction Planning of the Burj Dubai Project, Dubai, UAE, "Burj Dubaï" surplombe le désert... et le monde, Le Moniteur des Travaux Publics et du Bâtiment, German companies supply stainless steel for Burj Tower façade in Dubai. LAKE FRONT PROMENADE 6. [6] The structure also features a cladding system which is designed to withstand Dubai's hot summer temperatures. Burj Khalifa is the tallest tower in the world and it’s one of the top attractions to visit in Dubai. It would be difficult to find any worldwide practices in the design of tall buildings that have not been directly or indirectly influenced by his work. winged structure anchored to a strong hexagonal central core, each wing is buttressed to the other to provide a highly stable system. [citation needed] Another challenging element was the shamal which often creates sandstorms. [19], Over 45,000 m3 (58,900 cu yd) of concrete, weighing more than 110,000 tonnes (120,000 short tons; 110,000 long tons) were used to construct the concrete and steel foundation, which features 192 piles; each pile is 1.5 metre in diameter by 43 m in length, buried more than 50 m (164 ft) deep. SERVICE YARD 1 11. [58] Water is collected via a condensate collection system and is used to irrigate the nearby park. 21 September 2004: Emaar contractors begin construction. Construction of the Burj Khalifa began in 2004, with the exterior completed five years later in 2009. Construction of the project began in 2004 and the exterior of the building was completed in 2009.It is a reinforced concrete structure. Due to its tubular system, proportionally only half the amount of steel was used in the construction, compared to the Empire State Building. A buttressed central core and wings are used to support the height of the building. [83], The plants are watered by water collected from the building's cooling system. [121] By October 2012, Emaar reported that around 80% of the apartments were occupied. [47], The exterior temperature at the top of the building is thought to be 6 °C (11 °F) cooler than at its base. Burj Khalifa uses the bundled tube design of the Willis Tower, invented by Fazlur Rahman Khan. Any significant cracks could have put the entire project in jeopardy. Benches and signs incorporate images of Burj Khalifa and the Hymenocallis flower. Water is collected via a condensate collection system and is used to irrigate the nearby park. [23] Burj Khalifa's construction used 330,000 m3 (431,600 cu yd) of concrete and 55,000 tonnes (61,000 short tons; 54,000 long tons) of steel rebar, and construction took 22 million man-hours. Samsung C&T built the tower in a joint venture with BESIX from Belgium and Arabtec from the UAE. By Michael Cannell 2 minute Read. The design is reminiscent of Frank Lloyd Wright's vision for The Illinois, a mile-high skyscraper designed for Chicago, as well as Chicago's Lake Point Tower. 22 million man-hours it took for this structure to come alive. The sky lobbies on the 43rd and 76th floors house swimming pools. [150], Burj Khalifa was also the recipient of the following awards. The building officially opened on 4 January 2010[11][12] and is part of the 2 km2 (490-acre) Downtown Dubai development at the 'First Interchange' along Sheikh Zayed Road, near Dubai's main business district. Design Excellence Award: Special Function Room. More info. These setbacks are arranged and aligned in a way that minimizes vibration wind loading from eddy currents and vortices. Burj Khalifa under construction in October 2006. [57], The Burj Khalifa's water system supplies an average of 946,000 L (250,000 U.S. gal) of water per day through 100 km (62 mi) of pipes. Burj Khalifa or Burj Dubai is the largest skyscraper that is located in Dubai. Completed in 2010, the mighty tower represents the beating heart of Dubai and its brave ambitions. WATER FEATURE 7 8. [91] Hong Kong-based Far East Aluminum combined to provide the exterior cladding for Burj Khalifa.[92][93]. Burj al Dubai - Now known as Burj Khalifa The goal of the Burj Dubai Tower is not simply to be the world's highest building: it's to embody the world's highest aspirations. The Burj Khalifa's water system supplies an average of 946,000 L of water per day through 100 km of pipes. VIEWING DECK 7 5. [139] However, workplace injuries and fatalities in the UAE are "poorly documented", according to Human Rights Watch. OFFICE ENTRY 4 1 SITE PLAN “ CONCEPT AND FORM 5 • Inspiration taken from the HYMENOCALLIS flower 1. In 2009, architects announced that more than 1,000 pieces of art would adorn the interiors of Burj Khalifa, while the residential lobby of Burj Khalifa would display the work of Jaume Plensa. [3][49] The hotel was supposed to open on 18 March 2010,[50][51] but after several delays, it finally opened to the public on 27 April 2010. [136][137][138] During construction, only one construction-related death was reported. Hyder Consulting was chosen to be the supervising engineer with NORR Group Consultants International Limited chosen to supervise the architecture of the project. According to officials, it was necessary for projects like Burj Khalifa to be built in order to garner more international recognition, and hence investment. 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