36 in C Major, K.425,“Linz”Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart When Mozart married Constanze Weber in August 1782, in Vienna, Mozart’s family saw her as their intellectual and social inferior. Symphony No. But it is hardly likely that Mozart would have composed three whole symphonies at a time when he was in desperate financial straits if he didn’t have some hope of using them in a practical way to support his family. For this event Mozart was given an extraordinary ensemble—the finest orchestra in Europe (the Mannheim orchestra, which had recently been moved to Munich) with twice the usual number of strings and a full wind complement including, for the first time in Mozart’s experience, clarinets. 38 in D Major, K. 504 (Prague) There are more sketches for the Prague Symphony than any other by Mozart—starts and stops and doodling for all the movements, even an opening for the finale, which eventually was discarded. He completed the serenade on November 4, the overture two weeks later. It has vigorous, stirring tuttis, with a lively violin line and an active line for the basses, lending the music extra animation. Joannes Chrisostomus Wolfgang Gottlieb Mozart, who began to call himself Wolfgango Amadeo about 1770 and Wolfgang Amadè in 1777, was born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756 and died in Vienna on December 5, 1791. His own poetry, he said, was inspired by “music proper, which we must raid and paraphrase, if our own music [poetry], is struck dumb, is insufficient.”, Debussy had already set a Mallarmé text as early as 1884. Both works have long been among the popular favorites of Tchaikovsky’s output—the 1812 overture with all its glorious bombast, and the Serenade for strings with its freshness and charm, its brilliant string writing, its graceful waltz of a character that Tchaikovsky made entirely his own, its richly expressive elegy, and its lively finale based on one of those Russian folk tunes that reiterates over and over a simple melodic gesture, allowing the composer to deploy his substantial skills as an arranger to ring the changes on the obstinate little fragment of tune that grows ever livelier. Although it was a sensation in Prague in the fall of 1787, the first Vienna performances the following spring did not attract enough attention; the piece was simply too serious to suit the taste of the court. 39 in E‑flat major, K.543. The first movement opens with a stately slow introduction with dotted rhythms providing a nervous background for scale figures (which recur in the body of the movement), culminating in a grindingly dissonant appoggiatura. November 6, 2019. 2 BARBER Adagio for Strings HAYDN Symphony No. 29 in A Major, his third (and last) in that key, was finished in 1774. But the serenade, on the contrary, I wrote from inner compulsion. Debussy’s success in obtaining this fluid, pastel effect can be measured by the fact that musicians still argue about where the various sections begin and end. Again on June 17 he needed money to pay his landlord and asked Puchberg for a few hundred gulden “until tomorrow.” Yet again on the 27th he wrote to thank Puchberg for the money so freely lent him, but also to report that he needed still more and did not know where to turn for it. The number of string players is (as usual) not specified in the score, but Sadie remarks that at the premiere there were 22 violins, five violas, eight cellos, and five basses. Featuring: William Boughton, conductor Tai Murray, Violin. This was Mozart’s first symphony … This artist, who from the tenderest age made a name for himself among harpsichord players, may today be ranked among the most able composers. Royal College of Music, London. It is not surprising that he felt unable to do anything with such a topic; his creative inertia took the form of a variety of activities to help him avoid composing: revising earlier works, proofreading scores, and renewing his study of English in the hopes of eventually being able to read his favorite English authors, Dickens, Thackeray, and Shakespeare. Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Vienna. This is a piece from the heart and so, I venture to say, it does not lack artistic worth. The actual thematic matter is relatively conventional, more a matter of figures than melodies, but there is not development as such, and most of the working-out of ideas comes at their presentation." Duration is about 23 minutes. PROGRAM NOTES by Phillip Huscher Wolfgang Mozart Born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, Austria. At the same time, purely for his own satisfaction, he wrote a serenade for string orchestra, a late-nineteenth-century equivalent of the Classical divertimento. Andante III. Mozart's 1778 six month trip to Paris was a difficult time for him personally and professionally, according to SPSO program notes. Tickets for this event will be available for purchase at Woolsey Hall beginning at 6:30pm. Of his 50-odd symphonies, produced between 1764 and 1788, the earliest ones are conventional but precocious, reflecting influences of Johann Christian Bach, Giovanni Battista Sammartini, and Joseph Haydn. 102. But when Mozart returned to Paris in the spring of 1778 with his mother in tow things very much did not go to plan. The freshness comes in part from the delicacy of the instrumentation, which is filled with wonderfully new effects, of which the brilliant splash of the harp glissando over a dissonant chord at the end of the first flute phrase is only the most obvious. "His mother, who had accompanied him on the trip, died 3 July. Symphony - Symphony - Mozart: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart raised the symphony to heights that in many respects remain unsurpassed. But, as far as we know, the concerts never took place. The symphony is notable for having an unusually large instrumentation for its time, made possible by the large orchestra available to Mozart during his time in Paris. 31 PROKOFIEV Violin Concerto No. How he made use of that wonderful orchestra! In contrast to the symphony on tonight’s program, which shows the composer in an exalted mode, the Concerto for Flute and Harp is a youthful and charming work, easy on the ears and sprinkled with delicate ornament. His first letter to Puchberg referred to “concerts in the Casino,” from which he hoped to obtain subscription money in order to repay his debts. Menuetto—Trio—Menuetto da capo IV. WORLD PREMIERE: June 12, 1778, at the Paris home of Count Sickingen. ... WOLFGANG AMADÈ MOZART (1756-1791) Symphony No. [6], The symphony was later performed in the Burgtheater in Vienna on 11 March 1783 during a benefit concert for Mozart's sister-in-law, the singer Aloysia Weber.[7]. reif conducts tchaikovsky & mozart July 5, 2020 ... K. 165 (1773) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) On October 24, 1772, Mozart and. Program Notes Home: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756–December 5, 1791) Allegro; Andante; Allegro; In the summer of 1778, Mozart and his mother left Salzburg on a fateful journey to Paris, in search of a salaried position for 22-year-old Wolfgang. 23 in A major, K. 488 BORN: January 27, 1756, in Salzburg DIED: December 5, 1791, in Vienna WORK COMPOSED: early in 1786 WORLD PREMIERE: Unknown, but almost certainly March 1786, in Vienna, with the composer playing the solo part and conducting from the keyboard. 41 in C Major, K. 551, “Jupiter” (1788) 29 minutes Flute, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani and strings. Mozart and BeethovenPROGRAM NOTES Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Ballet Music from Idomeneo, K. 367: Chaconne and Pas Seul Mozart composed Idomeneo for the Elector of Bavaria’s court in Munich French opera was popular, and a ballet sequence was mandatory Mozart used a theme by Gluck for his first movement Rhythmic consistency and gorgeous melodies make this music perfect … Duration is about 28 minutes. The leading composers of the day had written grand tragic operas for the great theater of Elector Carl Theodor, and when Mozart met the Elector, he confessed that he would like to write an opera for his forces. The score calls for two oboes, two bassoons, four horns, and strings. It is clear from these letters that Mozart was in serious financial difficulty (a situation that was only just beginning to change at the time of his death). PROGRAM NOTES by Kalindi Bellach ©2019. ORCHESTRAL SUITE NO. The RCM Classical Orchestra, directed by Matthew Truscott, performs Mozart's Symphony no 31. His greatest success of this period of time was the Paris Symphony. He composed his opera seria Idomeneo, Rè di Creta (“Idomeneus, King of Crete”) in late 1780 or early 1781, for performance in Munich. 31 in D major, K. 297/300a, better known as the Paris Symphony, is one of the most famous symphonies by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The surviving fragments of what is now known as Symphony No. Symphony No. The work received a positive review in the June 26 issue of the Courrier de l'Europe, published in London: The Concert Spirituel on Corpus Christi Day began with a symphony by M. Mozart. Mozart’s attempt to improve his family’s situation during this difficult summer is clearly apparent in the “minor” works he was composing along with the three symphonies. 25 in G Minor, K. 183 Mozart composed this symphony in 1773; it was first performed on October 5 of that year in Salzburg. The scurrying turn appears alone or in combinations, turning to unexpected keys after a sudden silence; the “hiccup” often comes as a separate response from the woodwinds to the rushing figure in the strings. The overture was the last thing to be composed, probably just before the dress rehearsal on January 29, 1781 (the composer’s twenty‑fifth birthday). An invigorating first movement predominates, followed by a … Both second movements still exist,[9] as does a sketch of an earlier longer version of the 68 Andantino. The work is nicknamed the Jupiter Symphony, likely coined by the impresario Johann Peter Salomon. One of the most “French” elements of Idomeneo in its original Munich production (though one that has not been included in many performances since) is the extended ballet at the very end of the opera, after all the singing has ended. This music prolongs the emotion of my poem, and sets its scene more vividly than color.” The first performance of the Prelude made Debussy famous overnight; the striking character of this music, which everyone experienced as something quite new, established his personality even in the eyes of those critics who expressed a wish for “an art more neat, more robust, more masculine.”. The safety of patrons, musicians and staff remains the Symphony’s top priority. The “lieto fine” (happy ending) required by the Metastasian operatic style allowed the leading characters to personify a world of reason and forgiveness, a world of self‑control, where rulers do not descend to bloodshed as easily as they do in ours. "[8], "The Autograph Manuscripts and Early Performances of Mozart's, International Music Score Library Project, "Mozart:Symphony No. Its first performance took place in St. Petersburg on October 30, 1881. 102. Program Notes: Mozart & Beethoven Conductor Xian Zhang leads the Seattle Symphony in music by William Grant Still, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven on Thursday, September 24, 2020 at 7:30pm on Seattle Symphony Live . The Symphony No. His books are available at the Symphony Store in Davies Symphony Hall. Years later he recalled that when Mallarmé heard the music for the first time (apparently the composer’s own performance at the piano in his apartment), he commented, “I was not expecting anything of this kind! 31 "Paris" performed by students of the Royal College of Music", List of symphonies by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, List of spurious/doubtful Mozart symphonies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Symphony_No._31_(Mozart)&oldid=994153432, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 09:48. Mozart completed his final three symphonies — No. The sheer speed is daunting. 39 in E-flat major, K.543, was completed on June 26, 1788. In Paris, Mozart's mother is very sick, and she will die shortly after the premiere of this new symphony, his 31st, still known as the "Paris". He began composing the Prélude à l’Après-midi d’un faune in 1892 and completed the full score on October 23, 1894. In the meantime, the Elector of Mannheim had inherited the Wittelsbach throne, so the court (and the whole extensive musical establishment) moved to Munich. We are privileged to continue publishing his program notes. By June 1788 Mozart’s fortunes had entered on the long, steady decline that culminated in his death, at age thirty-five, three-and-a-half years later. 2 BARBER Adagio for Strings HAYDN Symphony No. He was supposed to write a piece of music for the twenty-fifth anniversary of Tsar Alexander II’s accession to the throne, since the government hoped to generate a little enthusiasm for the ruler, who had recently been the subject of some assassination attempts. The score calls for flute, two each of clarinets, bassoons, horns, and trumpets, plus timpani and strings. PROGRAM NOTES by Paul Schiavo WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART Piano Concerto No. Symphony No. It may have been first of his symphonies to be published when Seiber released their edition in 1779. Program Notes. The score calls for flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, horns, and trumpets in pairs, timpani, and strings. It has vigorous, stirring tuttis, with a lively violin line and an active line for the basses, lending the music extra animation. During the years 1782 to 1788, Sieber's catalog described it as "in the repertoire of the Concert Spirituel". The slow movement, in A‑flat, opens with deceptive simplicity; it is, in fact, a richly detailed movement, with progressive elaborations of the material throughout. Serge Koussevitzky conducted the first Boston Symphony Orchestra performances of the overture on December 1 and 2, 1944. During the year he had witnessed, both in Mannheim and Paris, the highest quality of operatic production, and he was eager to contribute to it. Following a passage on the nearby key of A‑flat, a vigorous modulation seems to be leading to C minor, but at the last moment a wonderful woodwind extension brings it around to the home key and ushers in the recapitulation. Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgang Gottlieb Mozart, who began calling himself Wolfgang Amadeo about 1770 and Wolfgang Amadè about 1777, was born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756, and died in Vienna on December 5, 1791. How astonishing, then, to realize that between the last two letters cited he composed the Symphony No. It was premiered in Prague on January 19, 1787, during Mozart's first visit to the city.Because it was first performed in Prague, it is popularly known as the Prague Symphony.Mozart's autograph thematic catalogue records December 6, 1786, as the date of completion for this composition. The score calls for two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, two horns, two trumpets, three trombones, timpani, and strings. The Three Bs. Symphony No. 39! 4 IN D MAJOR, BMV 1069 Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) The first of the three, in E-flat major, was completed on June 26; we have no record that any of these symphonies was ever performed in Mozart’s lifetime, though he is unlikely to have composed something as elaborate as a symphony (much less three of them) purely “on spec,” and he must have anticipated some concert series on which they would be heard. Program Notes, 2019-20 Season. Duration is about 29 minutes. Finally the Elector in Munich commissioned an opera from the young man, largely at the express wish of the musicians in his court (what enlightened leadership! Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) While Mozart's favored instrument was the piano, he was also a highly accomplished s Violin Concerto No.5 in … The main theme ends with a momentary turn to the minor just before the cadence; at the corresponding point in the recapitulation, this generates a surprising but completely logical passage in C‑flat minor (written, however, as B minor) before the imitative woodwind theme returns in the tonic. 38 in D major, K. 504, was composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in late 1786. Symphony No. hybrid form of a concerto/symphony in which multiple soloists are featured independent from the orchestra, with a more defined soloistic role than the Baroque concerto grosso form. 41 by Wolfgang Amade-us Mozart, a sublime masterpiece from 1788 that exemplifies why its composer occupies a spot on the very top rung of symphonic creation. The melodic line of the introduction only comes to a close in the opening phrase of the smiling allegro theme in the violins (with echoes in horns and bassoons), a calm pastoral scene following the tension of the preceding passage. The young composer, just twenty‑one and ready to spread his wings, was captivated by the music‑making in Mannheim (and equally captivated by a soprano named Aloysia Weber, but that’s another story). Even more impressive is the striking variety between the three works, each of which has a character and mood all its own. Program: MOZART “Paris” Symphony No. Wolfgang Amadé Mozart (1756-1791) Mozart’s Symphony No. The Symphony No. In 1865 the poet Stéphane Mallarmé produced a “Monologue d’un faune,” with which he hoped to obtain a performance at the Comédie Française. Enhanced Program Notes: MOZART + HAYDN Portrait of Joseph Haydn by Thomas Hardy, 1791. The principal theme, beginning with a group of scurrying sixteenth‑notes followed by a hiccup, produces a series of motives that carry the bulk of the discourse. This wonderful ballet music, symbolizing the harmonious resolution of the dramatic situation, shows us a Mozart reveling in the quality of the finest orchestra he had yet had at his disposal. Mozart & Mendelssohn. The careful bridging of sections, so that nothing ever quite comes to a full close without suggesting continuation, effectively blurs what is, after all, a fairly straightforward ABA form. Allegro Intermission Philadelphia Orchestra concerts are broadcast on WRTI 90.1 FM on Sunday afternoons at 1 PM, and are repeated on Monday evenings at 7 PM on WRTI HD 2. He composed the Serenade for Strings between September 21 and November 4, 1880. The dates of the first performances are unknown. Throughout his life, he was also interested in music; he had even written an essay on Wagner for the “Revue wagnerienne” in 1885. The longest and last symphony that he composed, it is regarded by many critics as among the greatest symphonies in classical music. Mozart’s choice of clarinets instead of oboes produces a gentler woodwind sonority especially appropriate to the autumnal lyricism of Symphony No. Probably he wrote all three of the symphonies with the aim of introducing them at his own concerts. Mozart thought he could enrich and revivify a form that had enjoyed a long and successful popularity but that was becoming stale and tradition‑ bound. 39 in E-flat Major, K. 543, 31 PROKOFIEV Violin Concerto No. It was an overture dealing with Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812, and would call for actual cannons in performance. 25 in G minor, K. 183 I. Allegro con brio II. Duration is about 10 minutes. Having been told that his work would be of no interest as a theatrical piece, he put it aside for a decade. Portrait of Leopold Mozart from his 1756 Versuch einer … Mozart in the Afternoon Series. 39. )[4], The work evidently was popular. It was Mozart's first symphony to use clarinets. Tchaikovsky spent most of the year 1880 in the country, part of the time installed at Simaki, a small house on one of the estates of his patroness, Nadezhda von Meck, where, as always, he carefully avoided personal contact with the woman whom he addressed as “Dearest Friend” in a long and intensely personal series of letters covering the years of her support. Tickets: $15 – $74; KidTix Free with Adult; College Students $10. festa italiana! Tchaikovsky summed up his own feelings about the autumn’s musical harvest thus: The Overture will be very loud, noisy, but I wrote it without any warm feelings of love and so it will probably be of no artistic worth. At the Concert Spirituel. [ 2 ] years 1782 to 1788, Sieber 's catalog described it as in... As `` in the repertoire of the shortest in any case and he was a. 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