Horticultural and Pastoral Societies. • During the process of development, a complex body organisation is formed that produces roots, leaves, … Horticultural plants improve environment by reducing pollution, conserves soil and water and improve socio-economic status of the farmer. Physical Damage Affects ; Respiration, ethylene production, ripening, and other ; metabolic processes. 5. 6. Producing annual crops of high-quality fruit requires a balance between reproductive and vegetative growth. The last section specifically examines how environmental factors affect growth and development… development. Mild stresses such as shoot bending and water stress may also promote flower-bud development. Fruit producers use various techniques, including pruning, branch bending, and plant growth-regulator sprays, to manipulate tree growth … • Development is the sum of two processes: growth and differentiation. Growth is primarily associated with capture and allocation of resources whereas development … Horticulture Science Lesson 1 Understanding Horticulture - The area of horticulture that involves the production of vegetable food crops is olericulture. Scope of Horticultural crops … Nutritional factors such as the supply of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and others constitute the raw materials required for growth… Horticultural and pastoral societies both developed about 10,000–12,000 years ago. Gain fundamental knowledge of plant growth and development of horticultural crops from a micro- to macro- level starting at double fertilization through fruit growth – covering seed-to-seed. Plant’s growth and development are under the control of two sets of internal factors. The varieties of crops are available in the Horticulture section with wide range of uses. In horticultural societies, people use hoes and other simple hand tools to raise crops… Horticultural crops worth many billions of dollars are seriously damaged or destroyed annually by pests, drought, floods, wind storms, and freezes. Olericulture includes the planting, … Causes the greatest amount of loss to fresh horticultural products. Pathogen growth … Use Of Growth Regulators In Horticultural Crops PPT Presentation Summary : Next End Plant hormone It has been defined as organic substance produced naturally in the higher plants, controlling growth or … Horticulture crops are suitable for small and marginal farmers. 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