Program Notes: Mozart & Beethoven. 26 |NEW YORK PHILHARMONIC. Each is a very full-scale work, comprising the standard four movements of the late-Classical symphony. It all passes quickly, leaving a listener amazed but bereft of the possibility of pondering what is happening while it is going on. - 0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (-) - V / V / V - 4635×⇩ - Caprotti. His books are available at the Symphony Store in Davies Symphony Hall. As with so many musical nicknames, this one did not originate with the composer. James M. Keller is Program Annotator of the San Francisco Symphony and the New York Philharmonic. Twelve movements in nine weeks would mean that, on the average, Mozart expended five days and a few hours on the composition of each movement. In the summer of 1783, Mozart brought his new wife Constanze to meet his father and sister in Salzburg. 41 on 10 August. Program notes – Glen Phillips ... Those composers wrote for the present, not the future, hence Mozart’s 41 Symphonies and Joseph Haydn’s 70-plus string quartets. 39) but has a grand finale. for piano, flute, violin, and cello that was issued by Chappell in 1823. Nikolaus Harnoncourt argues that Mozart composed the three symphonies as a unified work, pointing, among other things, to the fact that the Symphony No. Deutsch, Otto Erich (1965). For Piano (Meves) Complete Score * #107362 - 2.69MB, 23 pp. It reveals vistas of contrapuntal infinity. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s serenade, Eine Kleine Nachtmusik – a little night music – opens with one of the most familiar melodies of classical music. Program Notes. 41 is the … MOST RECENT—March 2016. The summer of 1788 was a grim one for Mozart, marked by financial problems and the death of his six year old daughter Theresia. endstream endobj startxref For Piano (Meves) Complete Score * #107362 - 2.69MB, 23 pp. 41, as the final work, has no introduction (unlike No. We have no reason to doubt the account provided by the English composer and publisher Vincent Novello, who (along with his wife) visited Mozart’s widow and their son Franz Xaver in 1829 and reported: “Mozart’s son said he considered the Finale to his father’s Sinfonia in C—which Salomon christened the Jupiter—to be the highest triumph of Instrumental Composition, and I agree with him.” This would have been the German violinist Johann Peter Salomon, remembered especially for having established himself as an impresario in London and arranging Franz Joseph Haydn’s two stints in Great Britain in the 1790s. Shostakovich’s Symphony No. 39 was completed on 26 June and No. The Symphony No. 33. 41 in C major, K. 551, (Jupiter) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791 ) Duration: Approximately 31 minutes First Performance: unknown - c. 1788 Last ESO Performance: April, 2012; Jaime Laredo, conductor Program Notes by Daniel Maki. In 1798, a reviewer for Leipzig’s Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung referred to Mozart’s “formidable Symphony in C major, in which, as is well known, he came on a little too strong.” But soon commentators adopted tones of almost universal adulation. The Trio section plays a joke on listeners by (as musicologist Peter Brown put it) “having the end of the phrase precede its beginning”; that is to say, the opening notes of each phrase sounds like a concluding cadence, while the notes that follow sound like they are revving up for that conclusion—whereas they themselves end up being the end. Symphony No. Gardiner shapes II delicately and his players shade the music with matching delicacy; a graceful performance ensues. Symphony No. Symphony - Symphony - Mozart: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart raised the symphony to heights that in many respects remain unsurpassed. The work is nicknamed the Jupiter Symphony, likely coined by the impresario Johann Peter Salomon. Symphony No. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sinfonía nº 41, en do mayor, K 551 "Júpiter". a b c Sources. The Occasion Franz Joseph Haydn lived in a time of great social change and political foment. of the piano part of Hummel's original arr. ©2020 San Francisco Symphony | Privacy & Terms. From the heroic opening From the heroic opening flourishes of the Allegro vivace to the triumphant five-part fugato near the end of the fourth movement Molto Allegro, the piece bubbles over with Mozart’s high spirits and compositional genius. The Symphony No. Mozart’s final Symphony No. Learn More. of the piano part of Hummel's original arr. It rings true: the earliest concert programs to use the nickname were Scottish and English, and the first printed edition to slap the name on the title page was a piano transcription of the symphony published in London in 1823. 41 in C major, K. 551, is, in terms of its architecture and the majesty of its gestures, an appropriate climax to the trilogy. In performance, one may be struck by how this work, though filled with incident, unrolls with a luxurious stride, at least until its finale. Symphony 39 is one of my favourite Mozart pieces. Mozart begins by stating a four-note motif that composers had obsessed over for generations, a motif doled out in simple whole-notes, one per measure. That evening was a well-attended leading musical and social event, with a new concerto from the composer. 39 was completed on 26 June and No. 1 in E-flat major, K.16 Symphony No. La Symphonie no 41 en ut majeur, K. 551, dite Jupiter, est une symphonie composée par Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart en juillet-août 1788 et achevée le 10 août 1788, alors qu'il était âgé de 32 ans. 41 in C Major, K. 551, "Jupiter" Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Mozart did not actually call his last and most famous symphony, completed on August 10, 1788, the "Jupiter." The similarities between Michael’s 29 th and 39 th, and Mozart’s 41 st are sometimes startling, as you can hear. It was to be his last effort in the genre, and many would argue, one of his best. The story of his final three symphonies occupies a full chapter of this life-as-novel—unfortunately, one that falls not terribly far from its end. Certainly compared to its predecessor, the edgy, nervous Symphony No. The first two measures are for strings alone: first and second violins playing the melody in octaves, cellos accompanying with simple arpeggios, violas and double basses plucking pizzicatos on the opening beat of each measure. 39, 40, and 41 – were composed in nine weeks during the summer of 1788. Certainly compared to its predecessor, … Le groupe thématique A comporte plusieurs idées : A1 qui est en Do M et caractérisé par ses 4 rondes initiales, ce thème A1 a été amorcé dans le menuet (il y a donc un souci d'unité des mouvements de la symphonie), le thème A1 domine, reste principal par rapport aux autres éléments de A ; A2 est aussi en Do M et ce motif affirme très nettement les notes de la tonalité. By Chappell in 1823 course, had No idea that these would be his last effort in the summer 1788. Is regarded by many critics as among the greatest composer of all holds pride place. 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